Production of coal, used as basic fuel in thermal power plants of the Electric Power Industry of Serbia, takes place at open-pit mines of the mining basins of Kolubara and Kostolac.
The coal from open-pit mines is lignite, having an average calorific value of 7 500kJ/kg.
Open-pit mines at the Kolubara basin, which produce around 75 percent of lignite in Serbia supply TPP Kolubara, TPP Nikola Tesla and TPP Morava.
In the Kostolac basin, supplying TPP Kostolac, an amount of 25 percent of lignite in Serbia is produced.
* Production without PE Open-pit Mines "Kosovo"
PE for Underground Coal Mining upon Decision of the Government of the Republic of Serbia, as of May 15 2003, Public Enterprise for underground coal mining was separated from the Public Enterprise Electric Power Industry of Serbia.
Economic Assosiation for Coal Production, processing and Transport MB Kolubara plc
MB "Kolubara", has the following subsidiares:
- "OPM Baroševac"
- "Evaluation of tehnogenous raw materials"
Within MB "Kolubara", plc operate four mines:
- "Polje B"
- "Polje D"
- "Tamnava Istok"
- "Tamnava Zapad"
which produces coal for
- TE Kolubara
- TE Nikola Tesla A i B
- TE Morava
The subsidiaries of PE OPM Kostolac are currently three open-pit mines:
The coal basin of Kostolac is 90 km southeast of Belgrade.
which supply thermal power plants Kostolac A and B with coal.p>
*As of 1 June 1999, EPS does not operate their plants on the territory of Kosmet.