Hydro Power Plants
Total capacity of sixteen hydro power plants with 50 hydro generating units is 2,936 MW, which makes almost 40.2 % of total power potential of EPS. Electricity generation is carried out within the following branches: “Hydro Power Plants Djerdap", Kladovo and “Drinsko-Limske Hydro Power Plants", Bajina Basta.
The first hydro power plants were put in operation in 1955 – HPP “Vlasina“, followed by HPP “Morava" (1954-1957). However, HPP “Djerdap“ is deemed to be the “queen“ of all hydro power plants. Total installed capacity of “Djerdap 1" and “Djerdap 2" is 1,369 МW. Their joint annual generation is 6,530 GWh, which makes 18 percent of electricity generation in EPS.
HPP “Djerdap 1" construction began as early as 1964, through joint investment of Yugoslavia and Romania. In August 1970, first generating units were commissioned, and the entire facility was put in operation on 16th May 1972. Main activity of this hydro power plant is not only electricity generation but operation of ship locks in the systems of “Djerdap 1" and “Djerdap 2", as well.
HPP “Djerdap 1" ship locks are two-level locks (ships enter the chamber and then are being “led" into the end Danube River water level at the chamber exit). These ship locks are among the largest ones in the world by their chamber dimensions.
HPP “Djerdap 2" construction officially started on 3rd December 1977, and the first generating units were put in operation in 1985. This hydro power plant consists of: power plant, ship lock, spillway and non-spillway dam, as well as dam crossing with the border between the two countries in the middle of it. The project provided for the possibility to construct railway across the dam.
Drina and Lim Rivers nine hydro power plants have total installed capacity of 1,358 МW. Their annual generation amounts to 3,506 GWh, which makes 10 percent share in EPS electricity generation.
Capacity – 2,936 MW*
Annual generation – 10,599 GWh, which makes 30 percent share in EPS electricity generation.
HPPs “Djerdap 1 and 2“
Capacity – 1,369 MW
Annual generation amounts to 6,530 GWh, which makes 18 percent share in EPS electricity generation.
Capacity of 9 HPPs is 1,358 MW
Annual generation amounts to 3,506 GWh, which makes 10 percent share in EPS electricity generation.
“Vlasinske HPPs " and HPP “Pirot“ generated 563 GWh, which makes 2 percent share in EPS electricity generation.